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Tuesday, July 5, 2022

Impact of repealing the law on punjab and Haryana politics

In September 2020, Akali Dal broke ties with BJP and allied with BSP on the issue of farmers. The Akali Dal did not expect that the game would turn around suddenly. Party chief Sukhbir Badal felt that the BJP would not take back the agricultural laws. They were trying to get the sympathy of the farmers. Now BJP’s new game has spoiled Badal’s game…

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced the withdrawal of all three agriculture laws. It is sure to have an impact on the farmer politics of ‘Haryana-Punjab’. If farmers change players in politics, then the field will also be new. In both the states, more than fifty percent of the assembly seats are dominated by ‘farmer’ families. Many traditions have been broken. In the politics of Punjab, farmers were seen to be associated with the Badal family, while in the politics of Haryana, Ch. The Devi Lal family has a good relationship with the farmers. Now in both the states, the distance of the farmers from the ‘Badal and Devi Lal’ family has become. In the farmers movement, Badal’s party i.e. Shiromani Akali Dal had to face the opposition of the farmers, while in Haryana there was resentment of the farmers towards ‘JJP’. Now ‘peasant politics’ will start afresh in both the states. It remains to be seen which political party will get the support of the farmers in the upcoming elections, who will get their votes and which party will be such, which may have to bear the displeasure of the Annadata.

Farmers decisive in turning back

The peasant movement in Punjab had received a lot of support from the rural areas as well as the urban class, especially the traders. Politically speaking, in both the states, the BJP’s support base has been in urban areas. If there is a BJP government in Haryana, the BJP could not reach double digits in Punjab. There are 117 assembly seats in Punjab. Of these, 40 seats are in urban areas and 51 seats are in semi-urban areas. There are 26 seats which are counted in rural areas. The vote of farmers matters in both the semi-urban and rural areas. It can also be said that farmers prove to be decisive in turning the stake.

When the farmers’ movement started, Captain Amarinder Singh was the Chief Minister of Punjab. He helped the farmers in every way. Even though the farmers damaged other government properties including mobile towers, the Captain’s police remained patient. Even when the farmers froze on the borders of Delhi, the Captain had met Union Home Minister Amit Shah and demanded the withdrawal of all three agricultural laws. On the other hand, Shiromani Akali Dal was facing resistance from the farmers. However, to quell this opposition, the Shiromani Akali Dal severed ties with the BJP. Whereas in Punjab, the alliance between the two parties was going on for more than two decades.

BJP’s new game spoiled Badal’s game

In September 2020, Akali Dal broke ties with BJP and allied with BSP on the issue of farmers. The Akali Dal did not expect that the game would turn around suddenly. Party chief Sukhbir Badal felt that the BJP would not take back the agricultural laws. They were trying to get the sympathy of the farmers. Now the new game of BJP has spoiled Badal’s game. On the other hand Captain Amarinder Singh, who still enjoys the support of farmers, all eyes are on him. Last year, the Captain had called a special session of the Punjab Legislative Assembly on October 20 to nullify the three new agriculture bills of the Centre. After leaving Congress, he has now formed a new party named ‘Punjab Lok Congress’. He has met Union Home Minister Amit Shah. Agricultural laws are back on the threshold of elections. In such a situation, it is possible that with the help of Captain, BJP can try to bring the angry farmers to its side. The Congress party has tried to reach out to the Dalit voters by making Charanjit Singh Channi the CM. In the current situation, the farmer of Punjab gives maximum importance to the Captain. If the Captain and the BJP fight together in the upcoming elections, they can get the votes of the farmers.

The reins of the peasant movement are with the Jats

If we look at the math of 90 assembly seats in Haryana, then farmers have influence in more than half of the seats. Big holdings are coming to an end. The Jat community has an important role in agriculture. It can also be said that most of the agricultural land in the state is with the Jats. An expert in the politics of Haryana, Satish Tyagi says that the Jats had taken over the reins of the farmers’ movement in the state. In the districts of Sirsa, Rohtak, Kaithal, Bhiwani, Hisar, Jind, Sonipat, Jhajjar, Fatehabad and Mahendragarh etc., the role of farmers is crucial during the elections. Bhupinder Singh Hooda was the CM of the state from 2004 to 2014. During this, most of the farmers of the state, who were earlier confined to the Devi Lal family, along with Hooda, joined the Congress party. Hooda’s name did not figure anywhere in the farmers’ movement. He remained calm, while his son and Rajya Sabha MP Deepender Singh Hooda, accompanied by Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi, continued to walk. The Devi Lal family is now divided into two parties. The INLD is watched by Abhay Chautala, while the JJP is being handled by his nephew Dushyant Chautala. He is Deputy CM in Haryana Government. Along with the BJP, he also had to face the opposition of farmers on many occasions.

Trying to gain the sympathy of the farmers

Senior journalist Ravindra Kumar Saini says that farmers’ votes are now getting scattered. They are neither able to join INLD nor are they supporting JJP. However, INLD leader Abhay Chautala quit the legislature against three agriculture laws. He again stood in the by-election and won. His endeavor has also been to gain the sympathy of the farmers. Since the Jats are now more in the farming community, they may remain associated with the Congress along with Hooda. The BJP did not suffer that much in the state even before the farmers’ agitation. The major reason behind this has been the role of Jats in the movement. If there was any demonstration anywhere, ministers were gheraoed, then the people of Jat community were more in it. BJP’s vote bank is in the cities. It is true that farmers in the Lok Sabha had voted for Modi with an open mind. Circumstances change in assembly elections.

It is too early to say anything about which direction the farmer of the state will go in the coming times. The way BJP withdrew agriculture laws in one stroke, it is possible that farmers may now become ‘soft’ towards BJP. In the current situation, who among INLD, JJP, Congress and BJP will come ahead on the axis of farmer politics, it will be known only after some time.

Expansion

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced the withdrawal of all three agriculture laws. It is sure to have an impact on the farmer politics of ‘Haryana-Punjab’. If farmers change players in politics, then the field will also be new. In both the states, more than fifty percent of the assembly seats are dominated by ‘farmer’ families. Many traditions have been broken. In the politics of Punjab, farmers were seen to be associated with the Badal family, while in the politics of Haryana, Ch. The Devi Lal family has a good relationship with the farmers. Now in both the states, the distance of the farmers from the ‘Badal and Devi Lal’ family has become. In the farmers movement, Badal’s party i.e. Shiromani Akali Dal had to face the opposition of the farmers, while in Haryana there was resentment of the farmers towards ‘JJP’. Now ‘peasant politics’ will start afresh in both the states. It remains to be seen which political party will get the support of the farmers in the upcoming elections, whose votes it will fill and which party will be such, which may have to bear the displeasure of the Annadata.

Farmers decisive in turning back

The peasant movement in Punjab had received a lot of support from the rural areas as well as the urban class, especially the traders. Politically speaking, in both the states, the BJP’s support base has been in urban areas. If there is a BJP government in Haryana, the BJP could not reach double digits in Punjab. There are 117 assembly seats in Punjab. Of these, 40 seats are in urban areas and 51 seats are in semi-urban areas. There are 26 seats which are counted in rural areas. The vote of farmers matters in both the semi-urban and rural areas. It can also be said that farmers prove to be decisive in turning the stake.

When the farmers’ movement started, Captain Amarinder Singh was the Chief Minister of Punjab. He helped the farmers in every way. Even though the farmers damaged other government properties including mobile towers, the Captain’s police remained patient. Even when the farmers froze on the borders of Delhi, the Captain had met Union Home Minister Amit Shah and demanded the withdrawal of all three agricultural laws. On the other hand, Shiromani Akali Dal was facing resistance from the farmers. However, to quell this opposition, the Shiromani Akali Dal severed ties with the BJP. Whereas in Punjab, the alliance between the two parties was going on for more than two decades.

BJP’s new game spoiled Badal’s game

In September 2020, Akali Dal broke ties with BJP and allied with BSP on the issue of farmers. The Akali Dal did not expect that the game would turn around suddenly. Party chief Sukhbir Badal felt that the BJP would not take back the agricultural laws. They were trying to get the sympathy of the farmers. Now the new game of BJP has spoiled Badal’s game. On the other hand Captain Amarinder Singh, who still enjoys the support of farmers, all eyes are on him. Last year, the Captain had called a special session of the Punjab Legislative Assembly on October 20 to nullify the three new agriculture bills of the Centre. After leaving Congress, he has now formed a new party named ‘Punjab Lok Congress’. He has met Union Home Minister Amit Shah. Agricultural laws are back on the threshold of elections. In such a situation, it is possible that with the help of Captain, BJP can try to bring the angry farmers to its side. The Congress party has tried to reach out to the Dalit voters by making Charanjit Singh Channi the CM. In the current situation, the farmer of Punjab gives maximum importance to the Captain. If the Captain and the BJP fight together in the upcoming elections, they can get the votes of the farmers.

The reins of the peasant movement are with the Jats

If we look at the math of 90 assembly seats in Haryana, then farmers have influence in more than half of the seats. Big holdings are coming to an end. The Jat community has an important role in agriculture. It can also be said that most of the agricultural land in the state is with the Jats. An expert in the politics of Haryana, Satish Tyagi says that the Jats had taken over the reins of the farmers’ movement in the state. In the districts of Sirsa, Rohtak, Kaithal, Bhiwani, Hisar, Jind, Sonipat, Jhajjar, Fatehabad and Mahendragarh etc., the role of farmers is crucial during the elections. Bhupinder Singh Hooda was the CM of the state from 2004 to 2014. During this, most of the farmers of the state, who were earlier confined to the Devi Lal family, along with Hooda, joined the Congress party. Hooda’s name did not figure anywhere in the farmers’ movement. He remained calm, while his son and Rajya Sabha MP Deepender Singh Hooda, accompanied by Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi, continued to walk. The Devi Lal family is now divided into two parties. The INLD is watched by Abhay Chautala, while the JJP is being handled by his nephew Dushyant Chautala. He is Deputy CM in Haryana Government. Along with the BJP, he also had to face the opposition of farmers on many occasions.

Trying to gain the sympathy of the farmers

Senior journalist Ravindra Kumar Saini says that farmers’ votes are now getting scattered. They are neither able to join INLD nor are they supporting JJP. However, INLD leader Abhay Chautala quit the legislature against three agriculture laws. He again stood in the by-election and won. His endeavor has also been to gain the sympathy of the farmers. Since the Jats are now more in the farming community, they may remain associated with the Congress along with Hooda. The BJP did not suffer that much in the state even before the farmers’ agitation. The major reason behind this has been the role of Jats in the movement. If there was any demonstration anywhere, ministers were gheraoed, then the people of Jat community were more in it. BJP’s vote bank is in the cities. It is true that farmers in the Lok Sabha had voted for Modi with an open mind. Circumstances change in assembly elections.

It is too early to say anything about which direction the farmer of the state will go in the coming times. The way BJP withdrew agriculture laws in one stroke, it is possible that farmers may now become ‘soft’ towards BJP. In the current situation, who among INLD, JJP, Congress and BJP will come ahead on the axis of farmer politics, it will be known only after some time.

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